So you took the quiz!
- TRUE. Depression is a mood state which goes well beyond temporarily feeling sad. Read up here.
- FALSE. Experts recognise three (not two) types of depression: major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disorder, as described here and here.
- TRUE. Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness are symptoms of depression.Other symptoms include irritability, fatigue and loss of energy, difficulties with concentration, memory, and decision-making, insomnia or not feeling rested despite adequate hours of sleep, overeating or loss of appetite, aches and pains, and headaches.
- TRUE. Prolonged exposure to stress does contribute to depression. Taking steps to manage one’s stress levels reduces one’s risk of depression.
- FALSE. Hormones which help to regulate our mood (neurotransmitters) are typically not functioning as well in someone with depression.
- TRUE. Family history of depression does increase one’s risk of depression. But so does experiencing a stressful life event, such as the death of a parent, child, or spouse.
- TRUE. According to the findings of the Singapore Mental Health Survey, depression is most common among adults. But children, adolescents, and older adults (seniors) can also have depression.
- FALSE. St John’s Wort is not a recommended treatment for major depression. Use caution and read the warnings about this herb.
- FALSE. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for anxiety and depression. More information about CBT can be found here.
- FALSE. As this Health Xchange article notes, the Singapore Mental Health Survey found 5.8% of the population to have had depression at some point in their lifetime. That’s means over 5 in 100 persons have had depression before.
- FALSE. The myths and facts about depression are explained on HPB‘s website. Medication is not the only treatment option. In fact, combining medication with CBT is effective in treating mild or moderate depression.
- FALSE. The risk for depression is higher for women than men.
- TRUE. Individuals with depression are taught mindfulness techniques to help make treatments like CBT and/or medication more effective.
- TRUE. It’s easy to find out more about depression: NIH has fact sheets in many languages including Chinese.
- TRUE. Depression was featured on the local TV programme Body and Soul in 2014 (not 2011). Gotcha. But you can watch it again on XInMSN!
- FALSE. Loss of interest in things which once used to be of interest is another sign of depression. Individuals with depression may have difficulty “getting out of bed“.They may not be motivated to participate in sports or to continue their hobbies (though some have used creative outlets to express themselves — read more in this post on the NY Times blog on photography and mental illness).
How many answers did you get right?
Above 12: Congratulations! Get more news here about a study which piloted a simple waiting room test for depression, and the latest research on how those who display neurotic behaviours are more likely to suffer from depression and anxiety.
8-11: Well done! You can stay up-to-date by reading about new research developments on medications and therapies for depression here.