Much focus has been given in the media to the new and wonderous abilities that have been discovered in young infants. A news feature by the Guardian not so long ago, “Newborn babies may be more developed than we think” (8 December 2013), describes a few surprising things which infants have been found capable of, while others explain how infants develop (e.g., “Infant memory works from very early“, Psyblog). Other newsworthy recent research puts the spotlight on the origins of obesity: “New research: Infant nutrition and obesity”, UCL; “A brain reward gene rewards food choices”, McGill University).
But as 2014 heralds a whole new year of opportunities to learn more (and study more) for the little ones here in Singapore, it may be useful to look backwards to find some treasures in the literature about child development. Here’s 3 ways to help your child learn:
1. Talk to your child often
Toddlers with larger vocabularies tend to have higher verbal and nonverbal cognitive abilities and better school grades, and more advanced preschool literacy skills. Given that early vocabulary plays an important role in young children’s problem solving and language abilities, parents can play an active role in encouraging their baby in his or her journey of word learning.
2. Follow your child’s focus of attention
Studies show that toddlers tend to have larger vocabularies if their parents talk to them more. That’s common sense, you say. But it’s also been shown that toddlers learn new words more easily if their parents follow their toddler’s attention and talk about the object that their toddler is looking at or is interested in. So it’s not just talking more, but talking at the right time and about the right thing that counts.
3. Understand your infants’ signals
A 1997 study by Baumwell, Tamis-Lemonda, and Bornstein showed that infants whose mothers were better at reading and attending to their baby’s signs of distress, understood relatively more words. In fact, being insensitive not only induces stress among young infants, but is associated with toddlers being less securely attached to their main caregiver (e.g., mum). So it’s important to be sensitive about your child’s emotions.